The Republic of Costa Rica is a popular nature travel destination. A country in Central America, it gets its tourist edge due to the well established systems of national parks. It protects a rich variety of flora and fauna in its protected areas, making up for over 5% of world’s biodiversity. A nature tourist point it has some of the world-renowned coasts on both side with very short travel air and land travel distance. The name Costa Rica has a literal translation in Spanish into “Rich Coast”. And with proper guide and pre-bookings a safe visit to one of its many active volcanoes is also possible.
The poster child of Ecotourism, Costa Rica gained its independence from Spain in 1821. It is seen as an example of political stability in the region, and is self-referred to as the “Switzerland of the Americas”. Costa Rica was the first country in the world to constitutionally abolish its army. Even though its an agricultural country, it has a relatively high standard of living.
It is a stunning green land circled by beautiful, white sand. However there is a tax, payable in the form of visa charges to exit the country.
Spanish is the official language, that is used most widely in the country though some of the native languages are still spoken on the reservations. However, English is widely used, especially in the area with maximum tourists. Portuguese, French and German are some of the other languages used in the country
It has a very traditional and conservative culture. Christianity makes up for the majority religion with Roman Catholic at 76.3%, Evangelical at 13.7%, Jehovah’s Witnesses at 1.3%, and other Protestant at 0.7%. There is a small but constant inflow of people from Asia to Costa Rica due to which other religions have also gained popularity with Buddhism being the most popular along with very small populations of Muslims, Hindus, etc.
The climate is tropical year around. But there are microclimates caused by factors such as rainfall, altitude, or geography of a particular region. The seasons depend on the average rainfall broadly diving the seasons as dry or summer and wet/rainy or winter seasons. The Caribbean slopes of the Cordillera Central mountains receive an annual rainfall of over 5,000 mm (196.9 in), maximum in the country. Humidity is also higher on the Caribbean side of the coast. The hottest months are March and April.
It is very important to take into consideration the climate before starting the trip. Remember that the seasons are opposite in Northern and Southern hemispheres. The people wear casual clothing outside of workplaces.