As an unforgettable part of history, Egypt makes for a tourist destination that can capture the awe of even the laziest of eyes. Egypt has been part of a lot of regional turmoil in recent years. Despite all these conflicts, its still proud, welcoming and accessible.
Egypt is located in north-eastern Africa and Middle-East with its largest city, Cairo as its capital. It is bounded both by the Mediterranean and Red Sea while the Nile is a major geographical attraction. It has been known through the ages as home to the ones dominant Egyptian civilization. It has a rich heritage in the form of temples, mummies, and the breath-taking architectural mysteries, Pyramids. Egypt also has some of the oldest churches, monasteries, and mosques. No wander it is one of the tourist fascination till date.
With the 2011 revolution, the tourist hit in Egypt has taken a big hut. With increased tension and conflicts in the region’s political scenario the one’s bustling tourists destination observes very few tourist annually. Though with recent effort it has become safe again, the Northern regions are still under constant conflicts as the government is fighting continuously to eradicate terrorism and arms smuggling from those regions.
Egyptians have a proud heritage and they welcome anyone and everyone to take part in it.
The official language is Standard Arabic. As it is taught in all school, it is homogenously used by everyone except some tribal people or the desert dwellers. It is used for all official purposes. However the most commonly used language is a regional dialect, Egyptian Arabic. It is the lingua franca. It is indeed the most used Arabic dialect in the world.
As it was once a British colony, students learn English in their schools and it shares a place as a secondary language along with French which is well used even among the 50 and above population. Italian and Russian is also increasingly becoming part of the curriculum.
Islam is the state religion in Egypt. Almost 90% of the population is Muslim while 9% are Coptic Christians. It is predominately a Sunni Muslim country. Practice of any other religion expect Islam, Christianity and Judaism is not recognized by the state and any proclamation of such can result in the state deny them certain services.
An extension of the Great Sahara, Egypt is predominantly a desert. There is very less life except along the banks of Nile. The weather is dry and hot in summer and though winters bring a little reprieve, rain is very minimal. However, there are micro changes depending on geographical variations. Along the Mediterranean, the weather is a little humid and thus the region has the maximum rainfall in the country during the winter season. Rain is also seen in high altitude along the Red Sea mountains as the hot air gather up and forms clouds. December and January are the coldest months observed.
All the homes and building have a central cooling system as the main concern is the heat. Thus, it might remain cold inside even in hot weather conditions.
The Egyptian are very respectful and inviting to the tourist but they expect the same in return. Women are expected to be in conservative clothing compared to the western societies. Full trousers are recommended both for men and women except when they are on the beach or inside a resort. In formal dinning setting it is advisable to wear a jacket or any other formal attire. As the weather is mild, even in winter a light shawl or a thin jacket would be enough for walking out during the night.