A west Asia country, Jordon is land-locked from the rest except a narrow 28km pass on the Red Sea. Since its independence from British it has been a monarchy.
Jordon has a rich history as it has been invaded and reformed by the Egypt, Babylon, Persia, Greece, Rome, Ottoman Turkey in the course of history. Even today prints of this history are evident on the modern city of Jordon. The monuments stand tall and in preserved ruins, like the lost city of Petra to bear witness to this rich history. And religion is a huge part of this heritage. Many important biblical sites are here, to walk through the pilgrims mentioned in the old Testament or to gaze on the promised land revealed to Moses.
Despite its readiness to embrace modernity, it preserves the culture that attest to it being central to the middle east. Jordon is very culturally conservative country. It is liberal among its neighbors though special attention should be paid to dress according to the occasion and place of visit. Homosexuality is not illegal in Jordon but public display of affection are off-limit. Adultery is a criminal offense. Jordon is known world-over for its high quality hospitals, for its liberal environment, the beautiful scenery and momentous relics.
Modern Standard Arabic is the official language of Jordon taught in all the schools. The natives speak in one of the many non-standard Arabic dialects. English is unofficially widely used and is the de facto language of commerce and banking. Almost all the universities classes are taught in English along with many of the public schools. Some of the other popular languages include Chechen, Circassian, Armenian, Tagalog, and Russian. French and German is being used increasingly by the elite.
Islam (Sunni) make the majority of religion in Jordon with a total of 92% population practicing Islam and 93% of those self-identify as Sunni Muslim. Many Shia are refugees from Iraq and Lebanon. People who convert to Islam from other religion are socially discriminated.
Jordon has Christian communities dating as far back 1st Century AD after the crucifixion of Christ. Christian make up only 4% of the total population due to their immigration to the west over the last few decades.
Jordon has a very varied climate conditions. The more inland one goes from the Mediterranean the more contrasting weather conditions and seasons are found. The highlands and the mountains are dominated by the Mediterranean climatic conditions. Arid desert covers the eastern and northeastern part of the country. The heat in these areas is overcome by low humidity and day breezes which help being down the temperature. While the summers are dry and hot, winters has frequent showers and some western elevated area also see some snowfall.
Western Fashion has a great influence in Jordon, especially on the women. Due to the liberal nature of the society western style has been allowed to steep into the culture. However, places of religion demand strict adherence to conservative clothing.