Turkey is a rich in history and geography with Black sea on one side, the Aegean sea to the west and Mediterranean Sea to the southwest. An ideal tourist spot, it has plains, sun, sea, mountains and lakes. The skyline of Istanbul, the heavily indendated coastline and sunny beaches against the backdrop of mountains makes for an almost perfect respite from the stress of everyday life.
It makes for a cliché tourist place with a amalgam of the west and the east. It is an oriental as well as occidental. Turkey was founded in 1923 from the remnants of the Ottoman Empire. It soon changed its traditional rigidity by embracing secularity. Almost over a half of the country has still not been entirely remodeled by humans. The culture is deep but the change is prominent over the last century.
Turkey is a land full of history with treasures from 13 successive civilizations from over 10,000 years. The landscape is unique is being untouched, the people are charming and hospitable and there is so much to explore, both in nature and infrastructure that one visit is never enough with cultural buffs.
Turkish is the sole official language of the country, an Altaic language. Kurdish is spoken by an estimated population of 7-10%. There are various local languages spoken in the border areas. Other minor languages include English, Arabic, Armenian, and Greek.
Turkey is secular with no official language but 99% of the Turkish population is Muslim (Sunni). A liberal nation, the country debates the influence of political religion on everyday social lives of the people. The country makes efforts for equality and is a highly tolerant nation.
The climate of Turkey is very diverse depending on the geographical region. Istanbul has a temperate Mediterranean climate. The summers are dry and hot while the winters are cool/chilly and wet. Very few regions see snowfall. The Black Sea coast receives maximum rainfall. The Mountains prevent Mediterranean to influence the inland weather of Turkey. Thus, the interior of the country has a continental climate with sharply contrasting seasons. The eastern coast experiences extreme winters and may also experience snow for over 120 days in the season. Thus, it is essential to remember these contrasting temperatures when planning a vacation to Turkey.
Light, cotton clothing is preferred along the Mediterranean coast in all seasons while along the Black Sea coast the clothing might vary according to the time of the year or season. Women visiting a mosque have to wear a head scarf.