As a branch of medicine, Urology focuses on the medical and surgical diseases of the female and male urinary tract system and the male reproductive system. In other words Urology studies the diagnosis and treatment of the functions and organs of the urinary tract and genitourinary system. The organs involved in this practice are: the kidneys, adrenal glands, urethra, the bladder, the prostate, the penis and the testes. A physician specializing in this is known as an “Urologist”.
The reproductive system and urinary tract system are very closely connected and as such the disorder of one can affect the other.

The practice of Urology addresses the following functions:
A. Production, transport and removal of urine
B. Production, transport and insemination of sperm and semen
C. Hormone production and distribution of adrenal glands.

The diseases treated by an urologist:
Some of the common urological conditions and disorders treated by a urologist are the following:

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
Bladder Stones
Bladder Cancer
Development of the urinary and reproductive organs
Erectile dysfunction
Interstitial cystitis
Kidney cancer
Kidney stone
Kidney transplant
Prostate cancer
Retrograde pyelogram
Retrograde ureteral
Testicular cancer
Urinary retention (Urinary Tract Infection)
Vasectomy reversal